Kellie Nightlinger, Wildlife Survivalist and Adventurist
Disclaimer: The information within the Wild Woman Oudoors website has been provided to its viewers with the understanding that viewers will exercise caution and care in performing any of the survival techniques or activities within this site. Some of the activities can be dangerous. I am a trained wilderness and survival expert. Please do not engage in these survival techniques or activities without taking proper precautions because these activities may cause serious injury or death.
Welcome to my segment on Survival Shelters, Primitive Shelters, and Shelters in Snow. Shelters can range from very primitive to very elaborate depending upon what you have available and how many calories you can expend making or erecting such a shelter. If a tent is available of course that makes a nice shelter. Using camping hammocks works well in mild weather conditions. They are lighter and can fit into an emergency kit. Reusable emergency bivy sacks that are breathable make a quick at hand shelter.
Log cabins can be built if homesteading is an option. In a jungle environment, a jungle bed or hammock can be made. A jungle bed can be made by lashing cut tree trunks together with support logs lashed in an x to hold the bed. A jungle hammock can be made by lashing a tarp folded in half to two tree trunks used for hammock side supports.
Sticks, branches, trees or skiis and ski poles can be used as supports for a tarp or a poncho shelter. So many variations are possible that they will not be listed here. If it works and can withstand the elements, then it is a good shelter.
A trench snow shelter is very quick and easy. Dig a trench in the snow. Erect a debris shelter overtop of the trench to complete. Snow caves can also be used.
Dig and entrance to a snow cave sleeping area. Use a snow block as an antrance. Bring a stick inside the cave with you and thrust up through the roof of snow cave. A hollow can be dug out at the base of an evergeen tree trunk to create a snow cave and entrance for a snow cave with added evergreen insulation on top.
Crawling underneath a cedar or a birch with low hanging branches will also work for an evergreen shelter. Taking shelter under evergreen trees in a forest will increase the thermal layer above an individual by around ten degrees.
In dense areas of small evergreens , lash together the tree tops making a lashed evergreen shelter. Spaces in between can be willed with more cut evergreens. Willows, cattails, and heavy grass can be lashed or woven together creating a good shelter.
A hollow log can be made used for a wonderful hollow log shelter. Mountain men, Cowboys, and others knew where such logs were and they would return time and time again.