Wilderness Survivalist
Paracord Survival Gear

Kellie Nightlinger, Wildlife Survivalist and Adventurist
Disclaimer: The information within the Wild Woman Oudoors website has been provided to its viewers with the understanding that viewers will exercise caution and care in performing any of the survival techniques or activities within this site.  Some of the activities can be dangerous.  I am a trained wilderness and survival expert. Please do not engage in these survival techniques or activities without taking proper precautions because these activities may cause serious injury or death.

Water Purification, Purify Water, Purifying Water in the Wild, Transpiration Method

Wild Woman Outdoors
Kellie Nightlinger,
Water Purification

Water Purification
One of the most important things to aid in your survival is to have a supply of drinking water.  Even in cold areas, you need a minimum of 2 litres of water each day to maintain efficiency.  Unpurified water should be boiled or at least heated to purify unless you are in emergency eminent need of it and you do not have time or the means to build a fire.  Unpurified water often contains microscopic parasites among other non-desirables. These unwanted guests can lead to diarrhea along with other ailments that could lead to dehydration and eve
n death if not treated.  Most "Water Purifiers" sold on the camping market are really Water Filters not purifiers.
One of many ways of purifying water in the wild is to make a container to Boil Water or use your water contained from your Survival Gear if you have it available. You can make a water purifying container to boil water with a knife and a piece of wood; preferably green wood.  You will need to hollow out the center of the wood with your knife to make room for the water to boil. You can also place hot coals inside the area in an attempt to burn out the vessel area desired.  The best way to carve into harder wood is to lay a log on its side and hollow it length-wise.  An axe can be used to pry the wood fibers lengthwise to loosen. An axe chop makes short work as compared to carving with a knife.  If you are lucky enough to be in a climate with bamboo then you already have a hollow vessel to boil water. 
Iodine, dilluted bleach, and other chemicals can be used with some reliability depending how closely you follow directions.  Iodine will kill Amoeba, bacteria, viruses, and other microbiota.  It does not taste well and you have to wait for it to take effect.
Transpiration Method
A quicker way to
Purify Water is via the Water Transpiration Method.  You will need to have clear plastic bags in your survival kit. Take a bag and tie it tightly around a tree with leaves or needles. The transpiration produced by the living tree sucking water out of the ground through its leaves or needles will provide you with a nutritious drink full of vitamins within six to eight hours. Obviously, don't use a poisonous tree like poison sumac or poison ivy. Contact me for further information on this method if you have questions.

Maple Trees
and Birch Trees can be tapped in the spring and the raw liquid can be collected for an excellent water source also containing raw sugar and vitamins. 


Purifying Water in the Wild, Water Purification, Transpiration Method

You can make a sap container mukuk or a sap bucket with birch or cedar bark and use bank line or paracord or natural codage or split spruce root to tie container together.  Tap the tree, place a stick in the past the cambrium and place you containers underneath to collect your sap.  For water just drink it straight up.  Boil many hours until the liquid thickens if making sap or sugar.

Pitcher Plants can contain rain water and the water can be drunk with a straw. Rain water also collects in rock depressions along lake shorelines or other areas with exposed rock. Dew can be collected by placing a survival bandana in long grass at night. The cloth is wrung out for a small drink. Cacti also contain water along with other succulents such as the Aloe PlantWild Edibles also contain varying amounts of water.

Ground Water can be found in Aquifers in areas with caves or sink holes or Artesian Springs or Artesian SeepsGround Water can also be found by digging in the dirt deep enough for water to seep in.  In a sandy area, where ever you find damp surface sand and green vegitation, dig your hole deep enough to allow the water to seep in.  

Snow and Ice
can also be melted and boiled to purify for drinking water.  The most efficient way to obtain water from snow or ice is to slowy heat small amounts in a pot over fire until it is melted.  Continue to add small amounts until you have achieved the amount that you need.  As a precaution, this water should also be boiled.  Please do not assume that it is safe to drink.
Rain Water can also be collected by properly positioning your survival tarp. Dew can be collected by scooping out a shallow depression in the earth, cover the depression with a tarp, and fill the depression with stones.  After dawn, dew will form on the stones and collect in the tarp.  Dew can also be collected by placing a Survival Bandana in long grass at night and wringing it directly into your mouth or into a container.

Solar Stills can be made using a tarp and a hole in the ground and rocks but it will expend a lot of valuable calories to make one.